Mushrooms are one of the many agricultural commodities in Minecraft, mainly serving as a crafting ingredient for various types of stews. Mushrooms are also used to make fermented spider eyes, which are an important resource for brewing potions, and are used to make potions of weakness. These can be used to heal zombie villagers, making mushrooms an incredibly useful item to have a lot of.
While players can simply go out and collect mushrooms that grow naturally, this is incredibly time consuming and only gets harder to find mushrooms as time goes on. This means that players must grow mushrooms instead, and there are three ways to do this. Which method players mainly use should depend on the resources available to them.
Growing Mushrooms in Minecraft
Standard mushroom cultivation
The classic way of growing mushrooms involves their propagation mechanism. When mushrooms are planted, they will try to spread to other adjacent blocks, provided the light levels allow. It should be below light level 13 for a mushroom to grow to that spot. For context, flares emit light level 14 and the light dims by one level for each block away from the flare. Sunlight is light level 15.
Players must carefully adjust their lighting so that it is dark enough for mushrooms to grow (12 or lower), but bright enough that enemy mobs will not spawn (8 or higher). However, if players have mycelium, nylium or podzol, mushrooms can can be planted at any light level and grow towards it at any light level. This allows players to create farms above the ground and prevents mafia spawning from becoming a problem. Likewise, if built in a deep dark cave, enemy mobs can’t spawn, so players don’t have to worry about lighting.
Mushroom growth is incredibly slow and the game imposes a maximum number of mushrooms that can spawn in a given area. Both types of mushroom can only spread if there are five or fewer of that mushroom in a 9x9x3 area around it. Then they stop growing and must be harvested. The fifth and final mushroom will grow the fastest, as there are four mushrooms trying to spread.
Using all these mechanics, players can create very simple automatic farms using observers. By leaving only one available block where mushrooms can disperse, observers can keep an eye on this block and cause a piston to immediately break the mushroom as it spawns. It still produces at a slow pace, so players who need a lot of mushrooms quickly may want to opt for a different method or create multiple farms using this method.
Huge mushroom cultivation
This method is the fastest of the three and by far the best option for players who just want some quick mushrooms. Mushrooms work in the same way as saplings, in that when the bone meal is applied to them, they can grow into large, tree-sized mushrooms. The main difference is that this will nothing but happen when bone meal is used. Small mushrooms will not grow into large ones on their own over time.
Players must place a mushroom in the center of an open area of 7x7x8 (minimum) to give room to grow. Huge mushrooms will only grow at light levels of 12 or lower when the tiny mushroom is placed on a block of soil or grass of any kind. These light restrictions do not apply if the block used is mycelium, nylium or podzol.
Once the bone meal has been applied and the mushroom grows, the newly formed mushroom blocks can be harvested, each falling between zero and two mushrooms. Provided players have enough bone meal, they can continue to use these mushrooms to increase their stock exponentially. When building an XP farm, players must have an infinite supply of bones to use.
Mooshrooms could very well be the most useful mob in the game, although they are quite rare. Players will have to search for mushroom biomes to find them. If players can wrangle a few of them, they can be used to produce an infinite supply of mushrooms. If players only want mushrooms for a mushroom stew, they’d better just milk these cows. Simply interacting with them with an empty bowl fills the bowl with stew, making for an easy infinite food source.
If players really want the mushrooms themselves, they’ll have to shave the mooshrooms. By doing this, they become ordinary cows, which can then be slaughtered for steak and leather. Players must breed wheat mooshrooms until they have at least a few dozen in a coop. Then players have to breed them all one more time, wait for them to mature and then a third of the cows they have now.
Those cows then become normal cows and can be killed. By repeating breeding and then shearing a third of the cows, players get an infinite supply of mushrooms. If they want to increase their production, they can just grow more mooshrooms.