Harnessing a moment of weakness: Male spiders escape sexual cannibalism by copulation with molting females

  • Simmons, LW Sperm competition and its evolutionary consequences in insects. (Princeton University Press, 2001).

  • Arnqvist, G. & Rowe, L. Sexual Conflict (Princeton University Press, 2005).

  • Avila, FW, Sirot, LK, LaFlamme, BA, Rubinstein, CD & Wolfner, MF Insect seminal fluid proteins: identification and function. Ann. Rev. entomole. 56, 21-40 (2011).

    CAS article Google Scholar

  • Uhl, G., Nessler, SH & Schneider, JM Securing paternity in spiders? An overview of the occurrence and effects of mating plugs and male genital mutilation. Genetics 138: 75-104 (2010).

    Article Google Scholar

  • Deinert, EI, Longino, JT & Gilbert, LE Mate competition in butterflies. Nature 370, 23-24 (1994).

    ADS Article Google Scholar

  • Beltrán, M., Jiggins, CD, Brower, AVZ, Bermingham, E. & Mallet, J. Do pollen feeding, pupa mating, and larval herd behavior have a single origin in Heliconius butterflies? Inference from multilocus DNA sequence data. bio. J. Linn. social. 92, 221-1239 (2007).

    Article Google Scholar

  • Elgar, MA & Pierce, NE In reproductive success: studies of individual variation in contrasting breeding systems, (eds. Clutton-Brock, TH). Mating success and fertility in an ant-cared for lycaenid butterfly, pp. 59-75. (Chicago University Press, 1988).

  • Slooten, E. & Lambert, D.M. Evolutionary studies of the New Zealand coastal mosquito Opifex fuscus (Hutton). I Mating behavior. Behavior 84, 157-172 (1983).

    Article Google Scholar

  • Markow, TA Forced matings in natural populations of Drosophila. Ben. wet. 156, 100-103 (2000).

    CAS article Google Scholar

  • Thomas, DW, Fenton, MB & Barclay, RMR Social behavior of the little brown bat, Myotis lucifugus. I. Mating behavior. Behave yourself. Ecol. sociobiol. 6, 129-136 (1979).

    Article Google Scholar

  • Birkhead, TR & Clarkson, K. Mate selection and precopulatory monitoring in Gammarus pulex. Z. Tierpsychol. 52, 365-380 (1980).

    Article Google Scholar

  • Robinson, MH & Robinson, B. Comparative studies of courtship and mating behavior of tropical araneid spiders. pacif. ins. monogr. 36, 1-218 (1980).

    google scholar

  • Foellmer, MW & Fairbairn, DJ Spontaneous male death during copulation in a orb-weaving spider. proc. R. Soc. London. B 270 (Appendix), 183-185 (2003).

    Article Google Scholar

  • Elgar, MA In Cannibalism: Ecology and Evolution among Diverse Taxa, (eds. Elgar, MA & Crespi, BJ). Sexual cannibalism in spiders and other invertebrates, pp. 128-155. (Oxford University Press. 1992).

  • Andrade MCB Sexual selection for male sacrifice in the Australian redback spider. Science 271, 70-72 (1998).

    ADS Article Google Scholar

  • Schneider JM Sexual cannibalism as a manifestation of sexual conflict. Cold Spring Port Perspectives in Biology 6, a017731 (2014).

    Article Google Scholar

  • Schneider, JM, Gilberg, S., Fromhage, L. & Uhl, G. Sexual conflict over the duration of copulation in a sexually cannibalistic spider. animal. Behave yourself. 71, 781-788 (2006).

    Article Google Scholar

  • Uhl, G., Nessler, SH & Schneider, JM Copulation mechanism in a sexually cannibalistic genital mutilation spider (Araneae: Araneidae, Argiope bruennichi). Zoology 110, 398-408 (2007).

    Article Google Scholar

  • Schneider, JM & Lesmono, K. Courtship increases male fertilization success through sexual selection after mating in a spider. proc. R. Soc. London. B 276, 3105-3111 (2009).

    Article Google Scholar

  • Nessler, SH, Uhl, G. & Schneider, JM Genital damage in the orb web spider Argiope bruennichi (Araneae: Araneidae) increases paternity success. Behave yourself. Ecol. 18, 174-181 (2007).

    Article Google Scholar

  • Zimmer, SM, Schneider, JM & Herberstein, ME Can men detect the strength of sperm competition and the presence of genital plugs during mate selection? Behave yourself. Ecol. 25, 716-722 (2014).

    Article Google Scholar

  • Which, KW, Zimmer, SM & Schneider, JM Conditional monogyny: female quality predicts male fidelity. Front side. Sole. 9, 7 (2012).

    Article Google Scholar

  • Which, KW & Schneider, JM Males of the orbweb spider Argiope bruennichi sacrifice themselves to unrelated women. bio. Letters 6, 585-588 (2010).

    Article Google Scholar

  • Kokko, H. & Jennions, MD Parental investments, sexual selection and sex ratios. J. Evol. bio. 21, 919-948 (2008).

    Article Google Scholar

  • Edward, DE & Chapman, T. The evolution and significance of male mate choice. Trends Ecol. Evol. 26, 647-654 (2011).

    Article Google Scholar

  • Bonduranski, R. Reappraisal of sexual coevolution and the gender roles. PLOS Biol. 7, e10000255 (2009).

    google scholar

  • Uhl G. Genital morphology and sperm storage in Pholcus phaangioides (Fuesslin, 1775) (Pholcidae; Araneae). Acta Sole. 75, 1-12 (1994).

    Article Google Scholar

  • Vöcking, O., Uhl, G. & Michalik, P. Sperm dynamics in spiders (Araneae): ultrastructural analysis of the sperm activation process in the cross spider Argiope bruennichi (Scopoli, 1772). PLOS ONE 8, e72660 (2010).

    Article Google Scholar

  • Which, KW & Schneider, JM Sexual cannibalism benefits offspring survival. animal. Behave yourself. 83, 201-207 (2012).

    Article Google Scholar

  • Eberhard, WG 1996. Female control: sexual selection by cryptic female choice. Monographs in Behavior and Ecology. Princeton University Press.

  • Gage, MJG Continuous variation in reproduction strategy as an adaptive response to population density in the moth Plodia interpunctella. proc. R. Soc. London. B 261, 25-30 (1995).

    ADS Article Google Scholar

  • Danielsson, I. Antagonistic pre- and post-copulatory sexual selection on male body size in a speed skater (Gerris lacustris). proc. R. Soc. London. B 268, 77-81 (2001).

    CAS article Google Scholar

  • Hosken, D., Taylor, ML, Hoyle, K., Higgins, S. & Wedell, N. Attractive men are more successful in sperm competition. curr. bio. R553 (2011).

  • Grafen, A. & Ridley, M. A model of mate monitoring. J.Theor. bio. 103 , 549-567 (1983).

    Article Google Scholar

  • Parker, GA Courtship persistence and female guarding as male time investment strategies. Behavior 48, 157-184 (1974).

    Article Google Scholar

  • Estrada, C. & Gilbert, LE Host plants and immatures as mate-seeking medicine in Heliconius butterflies. animal. Behave yourself. 80, 231-239 (2010).

    Article Google Scholar

  • Estrada, C., Yildizahn, S., Schulz, S. & Gilbert, L.E. Sex-specific chemical cues from immatures facilitate the evolution of mate guarding in Heliconius butterflies. proc. R. Soc. London. B. 277, 407-413 (2010).

    CAS article Google Scholar

  • Chinta, SP, Goller, S., Lux, J., Funke, S.; Uhl, G. & Schulz, S. The sex pheromone of the wasp spider Argiope bruennichi. Angie. Chemistry – Internat. Ed. 49, 2033-2036 (2010).

    CAS article Google Scholar

  • Kokko, H. & Rankin, DJ Lonely hearts or sex in the city? Density dependent effects in mating systems. Phil. Trans. R. Soc. B361, 319-334 (2006).

    Article Google Scholar

  • Krumschick, S., Fronzek, S., Entling, MH & Nentwig, W. Rapid spread of the wasp spider across Europe: a consequence of climate change? Climate Change 109, 319-329 (2011).

    ADS Article Google Scholar

  • Kokko, H. & Mappes, J. Sexual selection when fertilization is not guaranteed. Evolution 59, 1876-1885 (2005).

    Article Google Scholar

  • Zimmer, SM, Welke, KW & Schneider, JM Determinants of natural mating success in the cannibalistic orb web spider Argiope bruennichi. PLOS ONE 7, e31389 (2012).

    CAS ADS Article Google Scholar

  • Which K. & Schneider, JM Inbreeding avoidance by cryptic female choice in the cannibalistic orb web spider Argiope lobata. Behave yourself. Ecol. 20, 1056-1062 (2009).

    Article Google Scholar

  • Zimmer SM, Krehenwinkel H. & Schneider, JM Rapid range expansion is not limited by inbreeding in a sexually cannibalistic spider. PLOS ONE 9, e95963 (2014).

    ADS Article Google Scholar

  • Slayter, RA, Mautz, BS, Backwell, PRY & Jennions, MD Estimation of genetic benefits of polyandry from experimental studies: a meta-analysis. bio. Rev. 87, 1-33 (2012).

    Article Google Scholar

  • Uhl, G. In Spider Ecophysiology (ed. Nentwig, W.) Spider olfaction: attracting, detecting, luring and avoiding, pp. 141-157 (Springer, 2013).

  • Umbers, KDL, Symonds, MRE & Kokko, H. The mothematics of female pheromone signaling: strategies for aging virgins. Ben. wet. 185, 417-432 (2015).

    Article Google Scholar

  • Boormann, E. & Parker, GA Sperm (ejaculate) competition in Drosophila melanogaster and the reproductive value of females to males in relation to female age and mating status. Ecol. entomole. 1, 145-155 (1976).

    Article Google Scholar

  • Schneider, JM & Andrade, M. in Spider Behavior: Flexibility and Versatility (ed. Herberstein, ME) Mating Behavior and Sexual Selection, pp. 215-274 (Cambridge University Press, 2011).

  • Krehenwinkel, HK & Tautz, D. Expansion of the northern range of European populations of the wasp spider Argiope bruennichi is associated with global warming-correlated genetic mixing and population-specific temperature adaptations. mole. Ecol. 22, 2232-2248 (2013).

    CAS article Google Scholar

  • Leave a Comment

    %d bloggers like this: